The Bosnian Pyramid threatens to spread

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Bosnia's Pyramid Scheme
Bosnia’s Pyramid Scheme. Photo (cc) Blandm.

I haven’t pos­ted much on the pyramania in Bosnia since September. Still a trickle of com­ments and com­plaints con­tinue to come in. There’s a small num­ber of people who insist that Osmanagić should be allowed to do what he likes and any evid­ence that he’s incom­pet­ent or plain wrong should be ignored. Reports by archae­olo­gists from the EAA? The ‘experts’ (never for­get the scare­quotes) don’t know everything. Bosnian Geologists con­clude the hill is nat­ural. Ignore them, the ‘experts’ don’t know everything. Robert Schoch, a geo­lo­gist admired by the altern­at­ive archae­ology com­munity has examined the site, includ­ing the the tun­nels, and has said it’s nat­ural. Ignore him, the ‘experts’ don’t know everything. The refusal to accept any evid­ence which con­tra­dicts their wishes is known by believ­ers as keep­ing an open mind.

Now it doesn’t take a genius to work out that this is non­sense. The prob­lem for the Bosnian Pyramid Foundation is that people have kept an open mind and listened to what they’ve said. If someone can’t use a tape meas­ure tell if a pyr­amid is 70m high or 220m high, why should they be cap­able of an archae­olo­gical exacava­tion? It’s not all about dig­ging, you need to be able to use a tape meas­ure to tell where you’re dig­ging. So if you were in Osmanagić’s pos­i­tion, how would you cred­ibly ignore the over­whelm­ing evid­ence against you? It’s a prob­lem, espe­cially when the fiercest critic of Osmanagić is, acci­dent­ally Osmanagić.

The com­mon por­trayal by Osmanagić’s found­a­tion is that this is Bosnia versus the sci­entific estab­lish­ment. This has never been the case. From the earli­est days Bosnian archae­olo­gists, his­tor­i­ans and geo­lo­gists were say­ing the claims were false. Understandably Bosnia’s aca­demic infra­struc­ture is still under­fun­ded fol­low­ing the war. Osmanagić in con­trast is flush with for­eign money.

The prob­lem threatens to spread. Stultitia has kindly sent me a let­ter from the Sarajevo paper Oslobodjenje, which you can read a trans­la­tion of below. Now that Osmanagić has shown that money can pur­chase the right to play archae­olo­gist oth­ers are being attrac­ted to Bosnia. It now seems that Troy has been dis­covered in Bosnia by a Mexican busi­ness­man. This could be bad news for Gabela, a site dat­ing from the Middle Ages, which sur­vived the war but may have to go if Troy is to be found. There’s employ­ment and the pro­spect of tour­ists, so is it pedantic to quibble about the lack of evidence?

Bosnian his­tor­i­ans, archae­olo­gists and geo­lo­gists don’t think so. Despite the claims of Osmanagić, pub­lished geo­lo­gical reports have con­cluded that the ‘pyr­am­ids’ are nat­ural. Not just out­siders, Bosnian geo­lo­gists famil­iar with the region have also con­cluded the hills are nat­ural. Bosnian his­tor­i­ans and Bosnian archae­olo­gists are also against this pro­ject. This isn’t Bosnia versus the world, it’s one busi­ness man versus Bosnia’s heritage.

If it was presen­ted as a fantasy, then I’d say that Osmanagić has the right to demol­ish any­thing in Bosnia if the cit­izens let him. I wouldn’t think it was a good idea, but I can’t force my demands on another demo­cratic coun­try. What I dis­agree with is the present­a­tion of Osmanagić’s work as any­thing approach­ing sound sci­ence. This is decep­tion and rather than a new future Osmanagić is selling fairy gold. This pyr­amid will not be accep­ted by for­eign aca­dem­ics nor, as the let­ter below makes clear, will it be accep­ted by Bosnian aca­dem­ics.

Sarajevo, March 14, 2007

Dear Mr. Schwarz-Schilling,

For more than a year now, the Bosnian-Herzegovinian and the inter­na­tional sci­entific com­munity has been fol­low­ing the devel­op­ment of pseudoar­chae­olo­gical trend and pro­ject of search for the alleged pre­his­toric pyr­am­ids near Visoko in Bosnia-Herzegovina in utter appal­ment. Particularly wor­ry­ing are the sup­port given to this pro­ject by a part of the Bosnian-Herzegovinian polit­ical estab­lish­ment and the politi­cized rhet­oric applied to present the alleged dis­cov­ery of Visoko pyr­am­ids as fun­da­mental state interest to the pub­lic. Therefore, your last year’s visit to the loc­a­tion of the alleged dis­cov­ery and sup­port to its alleged researcher, Mr. Semir Osmanagic, given in the capa­city of the High Commissioner and the most import­ant rep­res­ent­at­ive of inter­na­tional com­munity in Bosnia-Herzegovina, is unac­cept­able and shocking.

The local and inter­na­tional experts in archae­ology, his­tory and geo­logy have, over the course of the past year, indi­vidu­ally or jointly, expressed their cri­ti­cism over this pro­ject and warned of the dangers posed by such pseudoar­chae­olo­gical trend and ama­teur­ish excav­a­tions to the real cul­tural and his­tor­ical her­it­age. They par­tic­u­larly stressed the inap­pro­pri­ate­ness of sup­port to such pseudos­cientific pro­ject in a soci­ety that has recently emerged from a hor­rible war and has great dif­fi­culties in restor­ing its high edu­ca­tion facil­it­ies, museums, lib­rar­ies and other cul­tural, sci­entific and research institutions.

In May last year, some twenty Bosnian-Herzegovinian archae­olo­gists, his­tor­i­ans and museo­lo­gists, fol­low­ing many indi­vidual out­cries in local media, dir­ec­ted a joint open let­ter of protest to the fed­eral author­it­ies which gave green light to this pro­ject without adequate sci­entific super­vi­sion. A group of Bosnian-Herzegovinian geo­lo­gists made a report clearly over­turn­ing, on sci­entific basis, the hypo­thesis of the alleged pyr­am­ids near Visoko. Ignoring all these reports and warn­ings, the then mem­ber of the Bosnian-Herzegovinian joint pres­id­ency, Mr. Sulejman Tihic, asked for sup­port to this pro­ject from the UNESCO rep­res­ent­at­ives. Following that, in June last year, some thirty inter­na­tional experts sent a let­ter to the UNESCO headquar­ters in Paris, express­ing their con­cern over the devel­op­ment of pseudoar­chae­ology in Bosnia-Herzegovina and seek­ing for the prompt expert judge­ment of that pro­ject. Meantime, sim­ilar cri­ti­cism and con­cerns came from the European Association of Archaeologists as well as from the American archae­olo­gical com­munity. Their sci­en­tific­ally based argu­ments were not accep­ted by any of the author­ized insti­tu­tions in Bosnia-Herzegovina.

A num­ber of these experts and rep­res­ent­at­ives of the highest inter­na­tional archae­olo­gical bod­ies, headed by Mr. Anthony Harding, the pres­id­ent of the European Association of Archaeologists, and Mr. Hermann Parzinger, the pres­id­ent of Deutsches Archäologisches Institut, have recently appealed to the Bosnian-Herzegovinian author­it­ies with request that this pro­ject is crit­ic­ally eval­u­ated, but that appeal received no reply. Despite all these warn­ings, numer­ous lead­ing Bosnian-Herzegovinian politi­cians, includ­ing reli­gious lead­ers, are increas­ingly sup­port­ive of this highly prob­lem­atic pro­ject. In August last year, you too vis­ited the Visoko hill of Pljesevica – renamed into the Pyramid of the Moon – and gave your sup­port to Mr. Semir Osmanagic, the American busi­ness­man of Bosnian ori­gin, who presents him­self as inde­pend­ent explorer of ancient mys­ter­ies. On that occa­sion, you have called Mr. Osmanagic – who claims that Bosnia is the cradle of human civil­iz­a­tion – a vis­ion­ary, while Bosnian-Herzegovinian media car­ried your another state­ment:

I do not believe that this was cre­ated by nature and the scep­tic sci­ent­ists who claim so should come here, make an exper­i­ment and prove it. I con­grat­u­late you on your work so far, on open­ing the pos­sib­il­ity for present gen­er­a­tions to see ancient past and I hope that your vis­ion will, with each day, be closer to the truth. I wish you a lot of suc­cess in the future work and do not hes­it­ate to, in case of need, ask for my help.”

By this act, you have com­pletely turned against the prin­ciples of insti­tu­tion that you rep­res­ent and paved the way for fur­ther open sup­port to this pseudo­pro­ject by the local politi­cians, intro­du­cing fur­ther influ­ence of pseudos­cience in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Europe. The neg­at­ive effects of such sup­port are already vis­ible. A great part of the pop­u­la­tion is con­vinced that the pyr­am­ids are actu­ally dis­covered des­pite the lack of any evid­ence to sup­port this con­vic­tion even after sub­stan­tial dig­gings on the site. The real­ity is, how­ever, far off from your asser­tion that present gen­er­a­tions will be able to see the ancient past of Bosnia-Herzegovina. On the con­trary, in the wider Visoko region, where Mr. Semir Osmanagic and his people con­duct their ama­teur dig­gings (often using bull­dozers), endangered are some of the archae­olo­gical lay­ers that are of utmost import­ance to research and under­stand­ing of the human con­tinu­ity in this area from neo­lithic period (Okoliste), the very begin­nings of Bosnia as an organ­ized soci­etal unit in the early medi­eval period (Biskupici, Mostre, Visoki) to devel­op­ment of the late medi­eval Bosnian Kingdom (medi­eval royal town of Visoki on top of the hill renamed into the Pyramid of the Sun).

In that sense, the ama­teur dig­gings and destruc­tion of archae­olo­gical strat­i­fic­a­tion is not the only prob­lem and haz­ard. From the very begin­ning, the pro­ject showed tend­ency to con­ceal­ment of cer­tain dis­covered arte­facts that did not fit the hypo­theses of Mr. Semir Osmanagic, namely remains of human bones, vari­ous tools and ceramic shards, as repor­ted by vari­ous media dur­ing the sum­mer of 2006. All of these finds are con­sist­ent with the exist­ing know­ledge about the Visoko val­ley archae­ology and par­tic­u­larly with the warn­ings by the local and inter­na­tional experts that Mr. Osmanagic’s dilet­tantish and ques­tion­able dig­gings are endan­ger­ing and des­troy­ing real and valu­able archae­olo­gical loc­a­tions and finds, most prob­ably dat­ing to the medi­eval period. His team never pub­lished any offi­cial reports about these finds nor it has informed the pub­lic on where they were sent for ana­lyses, nor on these alleged ana­lyses results.

Apart from con­ceal­ing the unwanted evid­ence, lack­ing any other sup­port­ing argu­ments for their hypo­theses, Mr. Osmanagic and his fol­low­ers are falsi­fy­ing the inter­pret­a­tions of the known his­tor­ical monu­ments and tra­di­tions in order to cre­ate an illu­sion of an ancient mys­tery that needs to be solved. In such attempts, the fam­ous Bosnian-Herzegovinian medi­eval tomb­stones stecci are inter­preted by Mr. Osmanagic as “mega­liths that have rolled down from the pyr­amid” or remains of “ancient energy temples” while early romanesque reliefs of crosses inscribed in circles – a motif well know through­out the medi­eval Europe! – become “dia­grams of mys­ter­i­ous ancient mech­an­isms”, etc.

Any cri­ti­cism over such pseudos­cientific approach in Bosnia-Herzegovina is stamped as a unpat­ri­otic act while crit­ics are stig­mat­ized as trait­ors in pub­lic, since the pyr­amid pro­ject has since its begin­ning been iden­ti­fied with a “national interest”. You have con­trib­uted to this con­vic­tion in the pub­lic as well, by giv­ing your sup­port to Semir Osmanagic, who does not shy away from claim­ing that the entire future and prosper­ity of Bosnia-Herzegovina depend on the suc­cess of his project.

In that sense, the plans to expand the pro­ject to the wider Bosnia-Herzegovina areas in 2007 are par­tic­u­larly alarm­ing. This “Foundation” has vis­ible aspir­a­tions to spread their activ­it­ies to the wider Bosnia-Herzegovina region, as well as the neigh­bor­ing Croatia. Further claims in the European con­text can be expec­ted, since the final pro­claimed goal of this “altern­at­ive” under­tak­ing is noth­ing less than over­turn­ing the entire world sci­ence and all of its achieve­ments, with set­ting up a new sys­tem of “know­ledge and val­ues”, based on the eso­ter­i­cism and sec­tari­an­ism of the “New Age” type. The pseudoar­chae­olo­gical search for alleged pyr­am­ids in Visoko and the sup­port given to this pro­ject have already opened the door wide for other sim­ilar pseudos­cientific tend­en­cies in Bosnia-Herzegovina, namely the recently pro­claimed renewal of the search for Homer’s Troy in the Neretva river val­ley, accord­ing to the claims made by the Mexican busi­ness­man Salinas Price, which were, oth­er­wise, dis­proved by the Bosnian-Herzegovinian archae­olo­gists some twenty years ago.

Mr. Schwarz-Schilling, these are not vis­ions for a bet­ter future nor of ancient past, that is mul­tiple van­dal­ism – destruc­tion of the exist­ing cul­tural and his­tor­ical her­it­age as well as an attempt to over­turn the civil­iz­a­tional achieve­ments and sys­tems of val­ues, not only in Bosnia-Herzegovina, but also in Europe. You, as a rep­res­ent­at­ive of such Europe, have a duty of help­ing the Bosnian-Herzegovinian sci­entific com­munity and lay­man pub­lic to ward off the pseudoar­chae­olo­gical specter of anti-intellectualism in Visoko. Of you, we demand:

1. That the High Representative, in his engage­ment in the con­text of research and pro­tec­tion of cul­tural her­it­age of Bosnia-Herzegovina, applies the same cri­teria rel­ev­ant in his coun­try, the European Union and entire civ­il­ized world, and keeps in mind the rel­ev­ant facts instead of giv­ing sup­port to adven­tur­istic and pseudos­cientific projects;

2. That the High Representative, for pur­poses of adequate pro­tec­tion of the remainig endangered monu­ments in the Visoko region, ensures that Mr. Osmanagic’s Foundation full­fills its duty towards the state Institute to Protect Cultural Monuments by deliv­er­ing all invent­ory books, field diar­ies and the com­plete report with photo and drawn doc­u­ment­a­tion of dig­gings done on Visocica hill in 2005 and 2006, and on Pljesevica hill in 2006, so that the expert eval­u­ation of that doc­u­ment­a­tion is enabled. Only by doing so, a judge­ment can be reached on apro­pri­ate­ness of the con­duc­ted dig­gings, poten­tial falsi­fic­a­tion of the finds elim­in­ated and pos­sib­il­ity of pro­long­ing the fur­ther dig­ging per­mits considered;

3. That the High Representative recog­nizes the opin­ion and argu­ments by the experts of the Faculty of Mining, Geology and Civil Engineering at the University of Tuzla who have on sev­eral occa­sions pub­licly opposed the abuse of geo­logy for pur­poses of mis­lead­ing the Bosnian-Herzegovinian pub­lic. They have clearly stated these argu­ments in their Report on the geo­lo­gical research at the Visocica hill near Visoko, accep­ted by the sci­entific and edu­ca­tional Council of the Faculty on April 17, 2006. The research was done at the request by the Archaeological Park: Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun Foundation itself;

4. That the High Representative urges with adequate author­it­ies of Bosnia-Herzegovina, the European Union and Germany as presid­ing the European Union, that Bosnia-Herzegovina signes the European Convention on the Protection of the Archaeological Heritage (Valletta 1992), as well as for provid­ing con­di­tions to open archae­ology stud­ies in Sarajevo. That kind of study is the only guar­an­tee that appro­pri­ate expert body will be edu­cated, cap­able to apply mod­ern sci­entific meth­ods in research and pro­tec­tion of the Bosnian-Herzegovinian cul­tural heritage.

As stated at the begin­ning of this let­ter, archae­olo­gists, his­tor­i­ans and geo­lo­gists of Bosnia-Herzegovina, Europe and America have already on sev­eral occa­sions warned of the danger and dam­age that false archae­ology in Bosnia-Herzegovina causes to the cul­tural his­tory of our coun­try, Europe and the world. Our warn­ings so far have not been con­sidered in any aspect, not by the OHR, nor by the local polit­ical struc­tures dir­ectly respons­ible for such mat­ters. This is our last warn­ing attempt and this time it is not dir­ec­ted only to the local, but also to the European and inter­na­tional pub­lic. In case that this let­ter once again receives no appro­pri­ate reac­tion, you will, together with the local politi­cians, bear the respons­ib­il­ity for all con­sequences that fur­ther unchal­lenged spread­ing of the false sci­ence will leave on our and the world her­it­age, as well as on the inter­per­sonal rela­tions in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Europe and the rest of the world.

Please note that this let­ter will be pub­lished in the Bosnian-Herzegovinian and inter­na­tional media, with pos­sib­il­ity of gain­ing a peti­tion­ary character.

With respect,

in the name of his­tor­i­ans, geo­lo­gists and archae­olo­gists of Bosnia-Herzegovina:

Dr. Dubravko Lovrenovic, pro­fessor of his­tory at the Faculty of Philosophy in Sarajevo

Dr. Sc. Sejfudin Vrabac, full-time pro­fessor of geo­logy at the Faculty of Mining, Geology and Civil Engineering at the University of Tuzla; Leader of the team for geo­lo­gical research of the Visocica Hill near Visoko

Dr. Sc. Hazim Hrvatovic, asso­ci­ate pro­fessor, the Faculty of Mining, Geology and Civil Engineering at the University of Tuzla

Dr. Sc. Senaid Salihovic, asso­ci­ate pro­fessor, the Faculty of Mining, Geology and Civil Engineering at the University of Tuzla

Dr. Sc. Amir Barakovic, asso­ci­ate pro­fessor, the Faculty of Mining, Geology and Civil Engineering at the University of Tuzla

Dr. Sc. Zijad Ferhatbegovic, senior lec­utrer, the Faculty of Mining, Geology and Civil Engineering at the University of Tuzla

Dr. Sc. Zehra Salkic, senior lec­utrer, the Faculty of Mining, Geology and Civil Engineering at the University of Tuzla

Mr. Sc. Izudin Djulovic, senior assist­ant, the Faculty of Mining, Geology and Civil Engineering at the University of Tuzla

Mr. Sc. Elvir Babajic, senior assist­ant, the Faculty of Mining, Geology and Civil Engineering at the University of Tuzla

Dr. Ljiljana Sevo, pro­fessor of art his­tory at uni­ver­sit­ies of Sarajevo and Banja Luka

Dr. Blagoje Govedarica, pro­fessor of pre­his­toric archae­ology at the Heidelberg University ; Scientific advisor at the Centre for Balkan Studies of the Bosnia-Herzegovna Academy of Sciences and Arts in Sarajevo

12 thoughts on “The Bosnian Pyramid threatens to spread

  1. Yes, many thanks for this. The story has been noted on the BBC but the debate but the wall of evid­ence against the Bosnian pyr­amid hasn’t been touched on. It reminds me of the 9–11 con­spir­acists and the global warm­ing nay say­ers. You con­front them with the evid­ence and the eye­lids close and the fin­gers go into the ears.

  2. aframbelo

    but unfor­tu­nately, it is just one’s fool’s joke that threatens to des­troy some real arche­olo­gical treas­ures in the region”

    Pseudo-Skeptic Lies!

  3. aframbelo

    I do not believe that this was cre­ated by nature and the scep­tic sci­ent­ists who claim so should come here, make an exper­i­ment and prove it. I con­grat­u­late you on your work so far, on open­ing the pos­sib­il­ity for present gen­er­a­tions to see ancient past and I hope that your vis­ion will, with each day, be closer to the truth. I wish you a lot of suc­cess in the future work and do not hes­it­ate to, in case of need, ask for my help.”

    Bravooo Mr. Schwarz Schilling!

  4. If like me you’re baffled by the Pseudo-Skeptic… com­ment, it’s a reply to this entry on a A Blog Around The Clock, rather than someone mak­ing up their own quote. You really can’t argue with the range of evid­ence afram­belo puts forward.

    The geo­lo­gists lis­ted in the let­ter have already tested the pyr­amid at the request of Mr Osmanagić, and found it to be nat­ural, so I’m not sure how many neg­at­ive res­ults Mr Schwarz-Schilling wants.

  5. The geo­lo­gists lis­ted in the let­ter have already tested the pyr­amid at the request of Mr Osmanagić, and found it to be natural”

    So what? Many other experts con­firmed the con­trary! But, of course you are part of the ‘super­ior ones’, aren’t you???

    And Yes, pseudo-skeptics, because you are con­tra­dict­ing the words of Mr. Prof. Harding who declared: “Certainly the trenches we saw had been dug with care, and we had no reason to believe that the medi­eval site of Visoki, higher up the hill, had been dam­aged by the work.” link: http://​www​.brit​arch​.ac​.uk/​b​a​/​b​a​9​2​/​f​e​a​t​3​.​s​h​tml

    The only thing you and other pseudo-skeptics are able to pro­mote as ‘true sci­ence’ is the sys­tem­atic cam­paign of char­ac­ter assas­sin­a­tion against Mr. Osmanagic and the experts who agree that the find­ings are man-made.

    More: another example of your and your friends hypocrisies!

    Before Dr. Schoch came to Visoko, he was labelled by many of the pro­ject opposers as unqual­i­fied, as math­em­atician (words of one of your friends!), as ‘Alternative History Follower’ and was par­agon­ated to Graham Hancock on stulti­tias Blog’s!!!

    Later, once Dr. Schoch expressed his opin­ion about the find­ings to be of “…nat­ural ori­gins…” he became the battle-horse of the same people who labelled him as unre­li­able, non-expert and math­em­atician etc.!!!

    Poor Dr. Schoch! Such an ingenu­ous man, let­ting the same guy (who labeled him as math­em­atician) writ­ing on his web-site :-)!!!

    Ohhh, before I for­got, I’ve just read a nice art­icle on Bosnian​-pyr​amid​.com about loot­ing antiquit­ies to American Museums: http://​www​.bos​nian​-pyr​amid​.com/​f​o​r​u​m​/​v​i​e​w​t​o​p​i​c​.​p​h​p​?​t​=​4​7​8​#​9​962

    Nice man­ner to pro­mote ‘ser­i­ous archae­ology’ and hav­ing the arrog­ance to believe to have the right to give oth­ers les­sons in ‘archae­olo­gical ethics’.

    Thus, please before con­tinu­ing to talk ‘non­sense’ and offend­ing other people who have dif­fer­ent view­points, I invite all of you to exam­ine your con­science (if you have one?)!

    I really hope that Dr. Schoch reads this message!

    I also will write to the guy of Bosnian​-pyr​amid​.com and ask him to pub­lish the epis­ode about Dr. Schoch on his forum, in order to inform the pub­lic about the meth­ods some people use to accom­plish their dis­hon­est aims!

    Good Luck!
    aframbelo

    P.S. I hope this mes­sage won’t be censored.

  6. Ohhh, please excuse me, I’ve for­got one thing!

    I was won­der­ing why nobody of you guys, so much wor­ried about the destruc­tion of cul­tural her­it­age around the world, don’t talk about the Iraqi drama on your Blog’s and web­sites??? There’s no trace about this argument!!!

    Can some­body tell me how many of you lit a candle on April 10, 11 or 12 2007 ???

    Why don’t you guys write just another let­ter of com­plaint to UNESCO and President Bush in order to ask the imme­di­ate STOP of the TOTAL DESTRUCTION of a 6000 years old civil­iz­a­tion and the loot­ing of antiquit­ies in Iraq?

    Damn,there’s some­thing I missed, Iraq don’t have pyr­am­ids, so everything must be allowed!?

    After the war is over, I hope UNESCO will send invest­ig­at­ors to the Museums in America and Europe in order to do some inspection!

    Good Luck
    aframbelo

  7. The ongo­ing destruc­tion in Iraq is a prob­lem, but you can find entries here like this one from Summer 2005. On a more gen­eric scale, I’ve also com­men­ted on the spon­sor­ship of an archae­ology pro­gramme by a site used by sellers of illi­cit antiquit­ies and men­tioned the prob­lems with Google adverts and the illi­cit antiquit­ies trade. Less than a month ago I linked through to the BBC doc­u­ment­ary on destruc­tion in Iraq. You’ll prob­ably find more if you use the search func­tion, top right at the moment, and search for ‘antiquit­ies’. On the other hand I haven’t got round to review­ing Stealing History by Roger Attwood.

    If you’re inter­ested in the trade in plundered antiquit­ies I still recom­mend SAFE: Saving Antiquities for Everyone and The Illicit Antiquities Research Centre.

    There’s also a few more pages on the Bosnian Pyramid at this site.

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